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Breakpoint Chlorination

Swimming pool water requires some form of “purification” in order to kill bacteria and other micro-organisms that could be potentially harmful to the pool equipment or more importantly, those swimming in the pool itself. Adding chlorine (in the form of sodium hypochlorite) to pool water is the most common form of sanitation. Following, is an explanation as to what occurs when you add the appropriate amount of chlorine to pool water, which ultimately leads to “Breakpoint Chlorination”.

When chlorine is added to water for normal residual chlorination it combines (reacts) with ammonia and organic contaminants found in pool water (sweat, urine, skin cells, and other organic matter) forming “combined chlorine” compounds commonly called “chloramines”. The terms “combined chlorine” and “chloramines” are often used interchangeably and refer generically to a family of chlorinated compounds.  It is the build-up of combined chlorine that swimmers will most often notice in a […]

Best Practices Makes Perfect – Cloward H2O

Don’t miss “Best Practices Make PERFECT” in the March / April 2013 issue of Pond Trade Magazine.

PondTradeMag-Mar-Apr-13In this article Mark Boren P.E. (Cloward H2O Engineer and Cabela’s Team Project Manager) shares valuable insight into how best practices lead to successful projects and great guest experiences.  Here are a few excerpts from this great article.

Primary Project Objectives

Project designs and engineering should drive and support the primary project objectives. The primary objective of every water feature (be it aquarium, stream, pond, or waterfall) is to provide visitors and guests a meaningful experience. In the case of Cabela’s, it’s a “real life” habitat experience, allowing guests to enjoy the beauty of fish in a seemingly natural habitat.The secondary goal is for guests not to notice everything else that went into engineering and creating the water feature […]